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(公財)古都大宰府保存協会から、催事や活動の様子などをお伝えします。

最新一覧

2021年 09月30日
定例散策(門前町・大宰府政庁跡・水城跡)の再開について・新コース「客館跡」のお知らせ
実施を見合わせていました定例散策について、10月より再開いたします。
また、第4日曜日に新たなコース「客館跡周辺散策」が加わります!
ぜひご参加ください!

●毎月第1日曜日(1月は除く)
 「門前町散策」
 
集合場所/ 太宰府館 (太宰府市宰府3-2-3 (092)918-8700)
 集合時間/ 10時(所要時間 2時間)
 奇数月(上三町コース)(三条、連歌屋、馬場地区)
 偶数月(下三町コース)(大町、新町、五条地区)
 ※ 少雨決行
 
●毎月第2日曜日
 「大宰府政庁跡周辺」
 集合場所/ 大宰府展示館 (太宰府市観世音寺4-6-1 (092)922-7811)
 集合時間/ 10時(所要時間 2時間)
 ※ 大宰府展示館入館料200円が別途必要です
   ※ 少雨決行

●毎月第3日曜日
 「水城提散策」
 集合場所/ 水城館 (太宰府市国分2-17-10 (092)555-8455)
 集合時間/ 10時(所要時間 2時間)
 ※ 少雨決行

●毎月第4日曜日
 「客館跡周辺散策」
 集合場所/ 客館跡展望所前(西鉄二日市駅東口から徒歩5分)
 コース/  客館跡~榎社~推定朱雀大路~朱雀門礎石~大宰府政庁跡(解散)
 ※ 少雨決行

いずれも、参加費無料・申込不要です。

 

 
2021年 09月29日
大宰府展示館は10月1日(金曜日)より開館いたします
新型コロナウイルス感染拡大防止のために臨時休館しておりましたが、緊急事態宣言解除に伴い10月1日(金曜日)より開館いたします。
皆様のご来館を心よりお待ちしております。

大宰府展示館のご案内はこちらから

入館に際してのお願いはこちらから

緊急事態宣言の解除と今後の対応について(太宰府市)はこちらから
2021年 09月29日
水城館は 10月1日(金曜日)より開館いたします
新型コロナウイルス感染拡大防止のために臨時休館しておりましたが、緊急事態宣言解除に伴い10月1日(金曜日)より開館いたします。
皆様のご来館を心よりお待ちしております。

水城館のご案内はこちらから

ご入館に際してのお願いはこちらから

緊急事態宣言の解除と今後の対応について(太宰府市)はこちらから
2021年 03月27日
Welcome to Dazaifu Exhibition Hall(大宰府展示館 英語案内)

Welcome to Dazaifu Exhibition Hall 大宰府展示館へようこそ

Dazaifu Exhibition Hall is dedicated to telling the story of Dazaifu. Thirteen centuries ago, Dazaifu was the administrative center of Kyushu, as well as a political, religious, and cultural powerhouse. The city was also Japan’s gateway to the outside world. As Japan was located at the eastern end of the Silk Road—the ancient trade route that connected the East to the West—the culture and goods that flowed through Dazaifu created a spirit of internationalism, sophistication, and scholarship that was rare in Japan at the time.
   Dazaifu Exhibition Hall tells the story of Dazaifu’s rich history. Discover how the area’s natural topography was exploited for defensive purposes; look at detailed dioramas of the palatial government offices and notice the distinctive Chinese influence; find out how the colors people wore were connected to their rank and occupation, and learn about the unusually varied cuisine enjoyed by residents of the city. The photo gallery highlights the ongoing excavation process that is revealing much of ancient Dazaifu.
   Dazaifu is closely related to the name of the Japanese era beginning in 2019, Reiwa. The naming of Reiwa has its origins in poems crafted at a plum blossom party that took place in Dazaifu in the eighth century.
   We hope you enjoy your journey back to the world of ancient Dazaifu.






Dazaifu Diorama: Natural Defenses 大宰府 再現ジオラマ 自然防衛
 
Dazaifu was Kyushu’s de-facto political and cultural center between the seventh and twelfth centuries. The city’s location was carefully chosen to take advantage of the topographical features of the area. The diorama shows how the surrounding mountains and landscape formed a natural bottleneck, offering a strong degree of protection from would-be invaders.
   Dazaifu’s proximity to mainland Asia made it a major diplomatic hub. The city was the first port of call for foreign delegations who docked in Hakata Bay. However, the government feared that its proximity to the sea rendered the city susceptible to attacks from foreign forces, as in the seventh century the Asian continent was a place of political unrest. Thus, it ordered the building of Mizuki—a defensive wall with an extensive moat that stretched over 1 kilometer—to thwart potential attacks from the coastal plain where the city of Fukuoka is now located. Fortresses were constructed to provide further protection, including Ono Fortress on the top of Mt. Shioji. You can still see the remains of these defenses today.
   When visiting dignitaries arrived in Dazaifu, they stayed in a special Guest House. The area outlined in yellow highlights this location. While the visitors were in residence, the Guest House was effectively an extension of their home country—somewhat similar to the case of foreign embassies today.


Model of the Dazaifu Government Offices 大宰府政庁の模型
 
This is how the Dazaifu administrative complex would have looked in the tenth century, a time defined by the Silk Road trade and strong ties with China and the Asian continent. Chinese influences can be seen in the aesthetics of the structures and in their symmetry, a common feature of Chinese palaces.
   The buildings were painted a bright vermilion, also known as Chinese red. The color carried associations with life and rebirth and was thought to ward off evil. The buildings were constructed following the Chinese philosophical theories of wuxing—a concept based around the interconnection of five phases or five elements—and feng shui. The main administrative hall was built facing south, which offered positive feng shui, and its location at the base of Mt. Shioji offered natural protection.
   The roofs of the halls featured onigawara “demon” tiles to scare off evil in a similar fashion to gargoyles on medieval cathedrals in the West. The onigawara on display was excavated in Dazaifu and the open maw and bulging eyes accentuate the creature’s wrathful features. Inside the halls, square and triangular tiles adorned with flower and plant imagery were used for the floors and stairs.
   The grounds where the administrative complex once stood are directly outside the Exhibition Hall. While only foundation stones remain today, it was once an expansive and grand complex befitting the powerful and cosmopolitan city of Dazaifu.



Color and Hierarchy in Dazaifu 大宰府の色と位階
 
Color was deeply symbolic in ancient Japan. Government officials wore certain colors based on their occupation and rank. The governor-general wore light purple, similar to the figure seen in the display. Those in other occupations also wore status-specific colors. Rank was also extremely important. It determined the eligibility for specific jobs in the bureaucracy as well as the right to wear designated colors. You can still see signs of this hierarchical system today in shrines across Japan, including at nearby Dazaifu Tenmangu and Kamado Shrine, where priests wear specific colors based on their rank.
   Belts were imbued with significance too. The ornate belt seen on the left in the display cabinet would have contrasted with plainer belts worn by lower-ranking officials. Ironically, these belts were worn beneath the clothing and therefore out of sight.
   The flat wooden tablets are mokkan. These were used for a variety of purposes, such as recording information about taxable goods. Mokkan were also eco-friendly. When no longer required, the thin layer of wood with writing on it would be shaved off with a sharp knife and the tablets re-used. This was a valuable feature at a time when paper was expensive and a scarce commodity.
   In the middle of the display, you can see an inkstone and a reproduction of an ink stick made from pine soot. The soot was kneaded together with glue and then fashioned into the boat-like shape seen here. It is possible that scribes of the day used writing equipment like this to record some of the poetry found in the Man’yoshu—a large and culturally important anthology of poetry from across Japan, including verse composed in Dazaifu.





Diorama of Eighth-century Dazaifu 8世紀の大宰府のジオラマ
 
This diorama depicts how the compact yet powerful city of Dazaifu was laid out in the eighth century. Dazaifu literally translates as “Great Government Administrative Headquarters,” and the city was a vital foreign trade hub, military stronghold, and government administrative center. However, Dazaifu was not devoted solely to politics. It also played an important role in Japanese culture and religion.
   At the far right of the diorama you will find Kanzeonji Temple as it used to look when it was an immense complex and the leading Buddhist temple in Kyushu. A handsome five-story pagoda once stood on the grounds, but this was destroyed along with numerous other buildings by natural disasters, and only a few structures (none of them original) remain today.
   A school adjacent to the temple educated boys from northern Kyushu, and these young scholars went on to become government officials stationed on the island. To this day, Dazaifu is considered a center of scholarship. Millions of high school students make pilgrimages to Dazaifu Tenmangu every year to pray to Tenjin—the spirit of scholar and politician Sugawara Michizane (845–903) who was enshrined there and regarded as the deity of learning. Students pray for his blessing and for success in their exams.
   The government offices were located at the foot of Mt. Shioji and benefitted from the natural protection of the mountain and Mizuki, the defensive wall and moat. This administrative center was a palatial complex with grand vermilion-painted structures and was modeled on Heijo-kyo, the imperial court and palace located in modern-day Nara. This diorama gives an idea of the scale of Dazaifu in the eighth century, but ongoing excavations are revealing more about the scale and history of this ancient city.



Revisiting Ancient Dazaifu 古代大宰府を再訪


Dazaifu was once a key center of government administration and international diplomacy. The area had strong cultural links with the Asian mainland and was a hub of new ideas and cultural developments. However, as control of the country fell into the hands of samurai and feudal lords in the twelfth century, the city’s influence waned. Excavations over the past five decades have revealed the scale of ancient Dazaifu, and archaeological digs and aerial photos provide a much clearer idea of Dazaifu’s former design and organization.
   After sites are excavated, they are filled-in and covered with grass to protect the remains, and the area is marked to show what lies beneath. This post-excavation process has the dual role of preserving the natural landscape and highlighting the history of the area. A few examples of the finds are deliberately left visible, such as this drainage ditch. The ditch dates to the early eighth century and has been preserved in its original location. The walls of the Exhibition Hall were built around it.
   The museum works closely with the local community, listening to concerns and ensuring the ongoing excavation work does not disrupt residents. It involves local residents in volunteer projects to help preserve and convey information about Dazaifu’s rich heritage and role in Japanese history.



Plum Blossoms and Poetry 梅花と詩
This diorama depicts a plum blossom party held at the official residence of Dazaifu Governor-General Otomo Tabito (dressed in purple) in 730. Government officials gathered under the plum trees—introduced from China and considered a rarity at the time—to eat, drink, and compose improvised verse together.
   This party has deep significance for Japanese culture. Thirty-two poems composed at this gathering can be found in the Man’yoshu (the oldest extant anthology of Japanese poetry, dating to the eighth century). The Reiwa era (2019–) was so named after modern-day Japanese government officials and historians were inspired by the kanji characters contained within the preface to these poems in the Man’yoshu.
   The seventh to twelfth centuries were a golden period in Dazaifu’s history. During this time, Dazaifu government officials had a keen understanding and appreciation of foreign cultures due to the city’s proximity to the Asian mainland and frequent interaction with other kingdoms. They were skilled in diplomacy and the military arts but were also expected to be accomplished poets. The plum blossom partygoers would have used their skills to improvise poems on such subjects as the blossoms, the weather, and the prevailing atmosphere of the gathering. An official scribe recorded the verses as they were recited.
   The Hakata Ningyo dolls in this tableau are very fine examples of pottery unique to Fukuoka. If you look closely, you can see plum blossoms in the sake cups and in the attendees’ hair. Note that the officials are wearing different colored garments indicative of their status.
   Plum trees have a special significance in Dazaifu. The grounds of Dazaifu Tenmangu Shrine are full of plum trees, including the fabled “flying” plum tree, tobiume. Legend tells the story of the plum tree of a Kyoto garden that uprooted itself and flew from Kyoto to Dazaifu to be close to Sugawara Michizane after the statesman and scholar was exiled from the city.
 
Who was Sugawara Michizane?
Sugawara Michizane (845–903) was a scholar and politician. After his death, his spirit was deified and enshrined at Dazaifu Tenmangu as Tenjin. He is known as a guardian of learning, culture, and the arts. Michizane had a particular liking for plum trees.



Dazaifu Food Culture 大宰府の食文化
Mokkan wooden tablets give us valuable insight into the food culture of eighth-century Dazaifu. Based on the information inscribed on tablets excavated in Dazaifu and Nara, the ancient capital, we have a good idea about what was consumed during this time.
   Foodstuffs, similar to the ones displayed here, were likely served at the “plum blossom party” in early 730. High-ranking officials were served the rich and varied spread on the left, while the more modest fare on the right was for lower-ranking participants.
   The menu for the most important guests included dried cuts of pheasant and salmon; ayu (sweetfish) sushi; abalone steamed in sake; various types of pickles; sea bream, squid, and other types of sashimi; and kusamochi, a traditional spring confection made from sweetened, pounded rice and the leaves of Japanese mugwort. Similar foodstuffs can still be found in Japanese teishoku (set meal) restaurants today.
   A few guests can be seen raising sake cups in the party diorama. Sake played a pivotal role at the party—as it does today at hanami parties celebrating cherry blossoms—and likely helped fuel the creativity of the guests as they crafted their poetry.



Reiwa—the dawn of an era 「令和」-時代の始まり
In Japan, a new era is born whenever an incoming emperor ascends the Chrysanthemum Throne. The Reiwa era began in May 2019, but the roots of its name are linked to the famous plum blossom party depicted in the diorama. Thirty-two poems composed at the party, along with a descriptive preface, appear in the Man’yoshu—the oldest extant collection of classical Japanese poetry. The two kanji characters that make up the era name, “Rei” and “Wa,” are taken from the preface. The meaning of the second character, “wa,” is unambiguous: “tranquility” or “harmony.” The first character, “rei,” typically means “command” or “order” in modern Japanese, but in the Man’yoshu passage in question, it means “beautiful,” “fine,” or perhaps “auspicious.” The poem begins as follows:


   It was the fine (rei) month of the advent of spring

   The air was clear and gentle (wa) breezes were blowing….


   Arguably, this passage seeks to capture the buoyant mood of not just the flowering of the plum trees but contemporary society as the author sees it. It is perhaps significant that the verses were written in Dazaifu, an area known for welcoming foreign cultures. In this sense, the nuance behind the characters for Reiwa offers a positive take on Japanese society and the future, hinting at an ethos of optimism, strong international relations, globalization, and appreciation for different cultures.



この英語解説文は観光庁の地域観光資源の多言語解説整備支援事業で作成しました。
This English-language text was created by the Japan Tourism Agency.
2020年 12月10日
大宰府展示館 入館に際してのお願い
当館の取り組み
● 来館者の皆様に安心してご観覧いただけるよう、新型コロナウイルス感染症感染拡大防止のため、消毒液の設置や消毒、職員のマスク着用などの安全対策を実施します。
● 施設の出入口を開放するなど、換気を行います。

以下のお客様につきましては、ご来館をお控えいただきますようお願いいたします
● 体調がすぐれないお客様
● 発熱や風邪、臭覚、味覚障害の障害があるお客様

来館されるお客様へのお願い
● マスク着用の上、ご入館ください。
  また、咳エチケットの励行、入館時の手の消毒など、来館者の皆様がお互い安心してご観覧いただけるよう、ご理解、ご協力をお願いいたします。
● 館内での密集をさけるため、入館者数、入館時間を制限する場合がありますので、ご了承ください。
● 観覧される際は、他のお客様との距離をあけてご見学ください。

入場者数の制限について
● 新型コロナウイルス感染症予防のために、館内におけるお客様の人数を20名までとさせていただきます。混雑状況によってはご入館をお待ちいただく場合がございます。ご理解とご協力をお願いいたします。


皆様のご来館を心よりお待ちしております。
 
2020年 12月10日
水城館 入館に際してのお願い
当館の取り組み
● 来館者の皆様に安心してご観覧いただけるよう、新型コロナウイルス感染症感染拡大防止のため、消毒液の設置や消毒、職員のマスク着用などの安全対策を実施します。
● 施設の出入口を開放するなど、換気を行います。

以下のお客様につきましては、ご来館をお控えいただきますようお願いいたします
● 体調がすぐれないお客様
● 発熱や風邪、臭覚、味覚障害の障害があるお客様

来館されるお客様へのお願い
● マスク着用の上、ご入館ください。
  また、咳エチケットの励行、入館時の手の消毒など、来館者の皆様がお互い安心してご観覧いただけるよう、ご理解、ご協力をお願いいたします。
● 館内での密集をさけるため、入館者数、入館時間を制限する場合がありますので、ご了承ください。
● 観覧される際は、他のお客様との距離をあけてご見学ください。

入場者数の制限について
● 新型コロナウイルス感染症予防のために、館内におけるお客様の人数を6名までとさせていただきます。混雑状況によっては入館をお待ちいただく場合がございます。ご理解とご協力をお願いいたします。



皆様のご来館を心よりお待ちしております。
 
2020年 07月01日
定例散策のご案内(門前町・大宰府政庁跡周辺・水城提)
大宰府史跡解説員が定期的に史跡をご案内する「定例散策」を実施しています!

●毎月第1日曜日(1月は除く)
 「門前町散策」
 
集合場所/ 太宰府館 (太宰府市宰府3-2-3 (092)918-8700)
 集合時間/ 10時(所要時間 2時間)
 ※ 少雨決行
 
●毎月第2日曜日
 「大宰府政庁跡周辺」
 集合場所/ 大宰府展示館 (太宰府市観世音寺4-6-1 (092)922-7811)
 集合時間/ 10時(所要時間 2時間)
 ※ 少雨決行

●毎月第3日曜日
 「水城提散策」
 集合場所/ 水城館 (太宰府市国分2-17-10 (092)555-8455)
 集合時間/ 10時(所要時間 2時間)
 ※ 少雨決行


いずれも、参加費無料・申込不要です。


 
2020年 05月08日
おうちで「だざいふチャレンジ」 太宰府検定を解いてみませんか‼
 公益財団法人である古都大宰府保存協会は、大宰府の歴史や文化を広く発信していくことを事業の1つとしておりますが、新型コロナウイルス感染症に伴う緊急事態宣言が発令され外出自粛要請の中、自宅で太宰府の歴史や文化などに親しみながらチャレンジできることを何かご提案できないか、という思いから様々な取り組みを行っています。
 今回、古都大宰府保存協会が事務局を務め7年間にわたって開催しました「太宰府検定」の問題を期間限定で再公開いたします。是非ご自宅で時間がある中、太宰府の様々な問題にチャレンジしてみてはいかがでしょうか?



●「太宰府検定」とは?
 「太宰府検定」は太宰府の悠久の歴史や文化を広く全国に発信し、また地域・世代を越えた交流の場を設け、地域への愛着を深めると同時に、次世代の育成、地域の活性化を図ること等を目的に、2012年から2018年まで計7回を開催いたしました。
 「太宰府検定」は初級・中級・上級の3つの級があり、初級・中級は全100問で4択形式、上級は全50問で語句の解答・設問の穴埋め・短文論述などの記述式となっています。
 合格基準は各級とも正解率70%(70点)以上です。是非合格を目指してチャレンジください‼
 出題は太宰府の歴史・文化をはじめ自然・観光・暮らしなど様々なジャンルに及び、内容については森弘子先生監修・(財)古都大宰府保存協会編集の公式テキストである『太宰府紀行』を中心として、回によっては設定されたテーマから一定割合が出題されています。
 「太宰府検定」を通じて皆様が太宰府をもっと知り、より楽しみ、新型コロナウイルスが終息しましたら太宰府の各地へ訪れていただくキッカケとなりましたら幸いです。
  参考テキスト  海鳥社『太宰府紀行』


「太宰府検定」出題データ

・問題データはA4サイズのPDF形式(約500~800KB)となっております。
 それぞれの文字をクリックしますと該当のデータへと移動いたしますので、ダウンロードや印刷などにてご利用ください。


★第1回「太宰府検定」(2012年)
★第2回「太宰府検定」(2013年)
★第3回「太宰府検定」(2014年)

第1回・第2回・第3回データはコチラ↓をクリックください
 https://www.kotodazaifu.net/notice/kentei/852


★第4回「太宰府検定」(2015年) テーマ出題「大野城(四王寺山)」
★第5回「太宰府検定」(2016年) テーマ出題「日本遺産」

第4回・第5回データはコチラ↓をクリックください
 https://www.kotodazaifu.net/notice/kentei/851


★第6回「太宰府検定」(2017年) テーマ出題「さいふまいり」
★第7回「太宰府検定」(2018年) テーマ出題「大宰府史跡発掘50年」

第6回・第7回データはコチラ↓をクリックください
 https://www.kotodazaifu.net/notice/kentei/850


〔更新履歴〕
・2020年5月8日  公開開始
・2020年5月9日  データ更新
・2020年5月14日 データ更新
・2020年5月28日 データ更新・レイアウト変更
2020年 04月24日
おうちで「大宰府史跡ものがたり」を見よう!
新型コロナウイルス感染症に伴う緊急事態宣言が発令され、外出自粛要請の中、令和発祥の都太宰府市では「#おうちで太宰府~令和発祥の都でBeautiful Harmony~」として自宅の暮らしをサポートする企画が始まりました。

こちら↓↓↓
http://www.city.dazaifu.lg.jp/admin/soshiki/somu/204/379/corona/16961.html


この中の「映像で楽しむ太宰府プロジェクト」では、当財団が企画・制作した「大宰府史跡ものがたり」をご覧いただくことができます(第17回「全国地域映像コンクール」審査員特別賞受賞)。おうちで太宰府の魅力を再発見してみてください!

こちら↓↓↓
http://www.city.dazaifu.lg.jp/admin/soshiki/somu/204/379/corona/16971.html
2020年 04月01日
臨時職員の登録を受け付けます
臨時職員の登録を受け付けます。
大宰府展示館で勤務する臨時職員を希望される方は、あらかじめ登録を必要としますので、申込をお願いします。

■登録受付
 月曜日・土曜日・日曜日・祝日を除き、午前8時30分から午後5時まで

■提出書類
 1.登録申込書(大宰府展示館備え付け、または当財団のホームページからダウンロード)を郵送、または持参ください。
   → 申請書一覧ダウンロードサービス
 2.学芸員資格証明書(学芸員補助業務を希望する方のみ)

■提出先
 公益財団法人古都大宰府保存協会(大宰府展示館内) ※郵送可

■任用方法
 登録された人の中から、雇用を必要とするときに面接等で選考し採用します。
 登録者全員に採用を約束するものではありません。

■勤務日・時間
 週3日(土曜日・日曜日・祝日を含むシフト制)午前8時30分から午後5時まで
 ※月曜日休館(祝日の場合は開館。翌平日休館)

■賃金(令和2年度)
 日額(7時間45分) 6,800円
 支給日/ 毎月22日(月末締め翌月払い・土日祝日の場合はその前日)
 労災保険加入

■年齢
 満65才まで

■登録有効期間
 受付日から1年間

■職種
 (1)史跡地の整備業務(関係事務含む)
   (2)  受付・一般事務(Word・Excelなどのパソコン操作ができる人)
 (3)学芸員補助業務(学芸員有資格者)


■お問い合わせ先
 公益財団法人古都大宰府保存協会
 〒8181-0101
 太宰府市観世音寺四丁目6-1(大宰府展示館内)
 TEL (092)922-7811
 午前8時30分から午後5時
 ※休館日/ 毎週月曜日(祝日の場合は翌平日休館)・12月28日から翌年1月4日)